I’ve got­ten my share of crit­i­cism for being one of those peo­ple to pub­licly state that it might be a good idea for web design­ers to learn some code. It took me sev­er­al years to come to that opin­ion and it hasn’t changed much, but it wasn’t the cod­ing that was impor­tant. It was the move­ment away from sym­bol­ic rep­re­sen­ta­tions of that which we were design­ing.”