Fer­ropolis, the frag­ment of a new city in the mid­dle of a desert cre­at­ed by open-cast min­ing, is both an omi­nous mon­u­ment and sym­bol of the exten­sive exploita­tion of the coun­tryside and the eco­log­i­cal con­se­quences of doing so. How­ev­er, the City of Iron also rep­re­sents a new start in deal­ing with nature and the coun­tryside. It is an attempt, at the end of an epoch, to cre­ate new per­spec­tives for a land­scape deplet­ed by indus­tri­al exploita­tion.